“अध्ययन के आधार पर स्पष्ट सबूत हैं कि बड़े एटलस का निर्माण करना वांछनीय है क्योंकि यह संरचनात्मक रूप से समझना महत्वपूर्ण है कि सामान्य क्या है। इससे मस्तिष्क की कई स्थितियों को जल्द पकड़ने में मदद मिलेगी। ”
जयंती ने कहा कि यहां तक कि चीनी और कोरियाई मस्तिष्क टेम्पलेट्स का निर्माण किया गया था, लेकिन भारत-विशिष्ट आबादी के लिए कोई संगत टेम्पलेट नहीं था। उन्होंने कहा कि भारत-विशिष्ट एटलस बनाने में आईआईआईटी-एच टीम द्वारा पहले प्रयास में 50 व्यक्ति शामिल थे, समान रूप से लिंग के बाहर संतुलित।
HYDERABAD: Researchers at the International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad (IIIT-H) have created the first-ever Indian Brain Atlas. The study has revealed that the Indian brain, on an average, is smaller in height, width and volume when compared to Western and other eastern populations. This will help in early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s and other brain-related ailments.
Jayanthi Sivaswamy of the Centre for Visual Information Technology, who worked on the project, said that the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) template, which is used as the standard, was created using Caucasian brains. This, according to the researchers, is not ideal to analyse brain differences in the Indian population.
“As Indian brains are smaller in size when compared to MNI, the difference in scans can look alarming and lead to misdiagnosis,” Jayanthi told TOI. She added that MRI images are compared with pre-loaded MNI template to arrive at a diagnosis.
“There is clear evidence based on the study that it is desirable to build a larger atlas as it is important to understand structurally what is normal. This would help catch several brain conditions early on.”
Jayanthi said that even Chinese and Korean brain templates had been constructed, but there was no corresponding template for the India-specific population. She said that the first attempt by the IIIT-H team at creating an India-specific atlas involved 50 individuals, evenly balanced out across genders.
“MRI scans of these subjects’ brains were taken at three different hospitals across three different scanners to rule out variations in scanning machines. Emboldened by the results of the pilot study, we went on to recruit 100 willing participants in the eventual construction of the atlas, referred to as IBA 100,” she added.
इंटरगवर्नमेंटल पैनल ऑन क्लाइमेट चेंज ने पुष्टि की है कि ग्लोबल वार्मिंग और उच्च समुद्र स्तर के लिए मानव आदतें और गतिविधि जिम्मेदार हैं। यदि यह जारी रहता है, तो रिपोर्ट के अनुसार, अधिक गंभीर गर्मी की लहरें, भूमि की बर्फ का अधिक पिघलना, और पौधे और जानवरों के जीवन में नाटकीय परिवर्तन होगा। क्योंकि यह आकर्षित है कि रिपोर्ट की अभी भी समीक्षा की जा रही है, लेकिन जलवायु परिवर्तन के विशेषज्ञों का मानना है कि अंतिम संस्करण में कई बदलाव नहीं होंगे।
A group of scientists associated with United Nations has just issued a report on climate ‘change’.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has confirm that human habits and activity are responsible for global warming and for higher sea level. If this continuous, according to the report, there will be more serious heat waves, more melting of land ice, and dramatic changes in plant and animal life. Because it is attract the report is still being reviewed, but experts in climate change believe there won’t be many changes in the final version.
The report is published by a different group of scientists every 5 or 6 years, and is considered the standard on the risks of climate change. Each report has found more evidence that the planet is warming and that humans are the cause. Some critics believe that the current situation is more likely due to short term factors or weather cycles. They believe that the climate situation will change on its own eventually. But UN report says the reality is clear and the facts are there.
Luckily, because humans cause the problem, humans can help solve the problem. Everyone can use less energy (light and electricity), recycle and reuse, and use their car less. If this happens, less carbon dioxide will be released into the air and the air air closest to the earth will cool down. And that would be a good thing.